Sustainability indicators

Company and management GRI 102-43

Value generated / GRI standard 201-1

Group in € million 2016 2015 1) 2014
Revenue 1,364.1 1,249.3 1,200.1
Other income 66.6 60.3 53.9
Total revenue 1,430.7 1,309.6 1,254.0
+ Income from investments 1.5 1.6 1.1
Minus non-personnel expenses -449.2 -415.0 -401.0
Minus depreciation and amortization -239.1 -214.3 -212.2
= Value generated 743.9 681.9 641.9
1) In accordance with IFRS, 2015 value adjusted in accordance with IAS 8

Value distributed / GRI standard 201-1

Group in € million 2016 2015 1) 2014
Employees 452.5 400.3 374.3
Lenders (netted) 81.6 83.2 101.6
Public sector 58.2 55.1 66.0
Munich Airport Group 151.6 143.3 100.0
= Value distributed 743.9 681.9 641.9
1) In accordance with IFRS, 2015 value adjusted in accordance with IAS 8

The value generated calculation represents the difference between the service provided by the company and the value of the advance services required.

The distribution statement shows the proportions distributed to those involved in the value creation process – employees, the public sector, and lenders. Payments provided by FMG to the public sector include taxes. The interest on the loans to shareholders is included under the «Lenders» recipient group. «Other income» includes income from companies valued using the equity method. The «nonpersonnel expenses» include the cost of materials and other expenses.

Air traffic indicators / GRI AO1, AO2, AO3

  2016 2015 2014
Total passenger volume 42,277,692 40,998,553 39,716,877
Total commercial traffic 1) 42,261,309 40,981,522 39,700,515
Scheduled and charter traffic 42,241,902 40,961,424 39,679,338
Other commercial traffic 1) 19,407 20,098 21,177
Non-commercial traffic 1) 16,383 17,031 16,362
Total aircraft movements 394,430 379,911 376,678
Total commercial traffic 1) 385,081 370,348 367,599
Scheduled and charter traffic 374,057 360,009 357,295
Other commercial traffic 1) 11,024 10,339 10,304
General air traffic (non-commercial traffic) 1) 9,349 9,563 9,079
Seating capacity utilization in % 75.1 76.6 75.9
Cargo throughput      
Cargo and airmail carried in t 353,650 336,162 309,361
Traffic units (TU) of commercial traffic 45,709,334 44,234,684 42,686,633
1) For terminology see the Annual Statistics Report 2016, p. 42/43.

Passenger indicators (commercial traffic only) / GRI AO1

  2016 2015 2014
  Total Domestic International Total Domestic International Total Domestic International
Total commercial traffic 42,261,309 9,632,163 32,629,146 40,981,522 9,585,642 31,395,880 39,700,515 9,356,210 30,344,305
Arrivals 21,142,346 4,816,340 16,326,006 20,474,755 4,771,295 15,703,460 19,832,302 4,660,409 15,171,893
Departures 21,030,482 4,803,413 16,227,069 20,398,313 4,805,150 15,593,163 19,760,723 4,684,878 15,075,845
Transit passengers1) 88,481 12,410 76,071 108,454 9,197 99,257 107,490 10,923 96,567
                   
Number of O&D passengers 2) in millions 27.0 - - 26.2 - - 25.0 - -
Number of transfer passengers in millions 15.2 - - 14.8 - - 14.7 - -
Proportion of transfer passengers in % 3) 36 - - 36 - - 37 - -
1) Transit passengers are passengers who fly into the airport and continue their trip on the same aircraft. Transit passengers are only counted when landing.
2) Origin & Destination passengers are passengers who start or end their trip at the airport.
3) The proportion of transfer passengers is based on departure passenger surveys.

Aircraft movements 1) / GRI AO2

  2016 2015 2014
  Total Arrivals Departures Total Arrivals Departures Total Arrivals Departures
Passenger flights, scheduled/charter 369,561 184,699 184,862 355,565 177,689 177,876 353,326 176,548 176,778
Domestic 87,000 43,521 43,479 85,115 42,571 42,544 85,934 42,957 42,977
International 282,561 141,178 141,383 270,450 135,118 135,332 267,392 133,591 133,801
Cargo flights, scheduled/charter 4,047 2,014 2,033 4,001 1,990 2,011 3,507 1,734 1,773
Domestic 1,515 810 705 1,475 772 703 1,426 761 665
International 2,532 1,204 1,328 2,526 1,218 1,308 2,081 973 1,108
Airmail flights, scheduled/charter 449 225 224 443 222 221 462 230 232
Domestic 449 225 224 443 222 221 462 230 232
International - - - - - - - - -
General air traffic 20,373 10,272 10,101 19,902 10,062 9,840 19,383 9,826 9,557
Domestic 8,413 4,338 4,075 8,669 4,395 4,274 8,381 4,219 4,162
International 11,960 5,934 6,026 11,233 5,667 5,566 11,002 5,607 5,395
Total 394,430 197,210 197,220 379,911 189,963 189,948 376,678 188,338 188,340
1) Military flights are not included.

Cargo tonnage (commercial handling) / GRI AO3

In t 2016 2015 2014
  Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo
Cargo-only flights 62,056 17,956 44,099 55,668 16,922 38,746 42,264 15,179 27,085
Bellyhold cargo on passenger flights 272,441 113,912 158,529 261,719 108,863 152,856 249,211 103,763 145,447
Total on all flights 334,497 131,868 202,628 317,387 125,785 191,602 291,475 118,942 172,533

Dialog management / GRI standard 102-43, 102-44

Number of entries 2016 2015 2014
Total complaints 2,291 1,807 1,802
Number of complaints on key issues      
Airline-related issues 218    
Airport facilities 492    
Parking 197    
Security checks 318    

In contrast to 2015, the number of reasons for complaint rose from 1,807 to 2,291, which is largely due to the group-wide standardization of complaint management. The aim of central dialog management was also to achieve an overall increase in customer feedback, with the reason for complaining serving as a key element in dialog management for long-term customer loyalty. The feedback form on the website was updated to make it easier to access for the purposes of filing a complaint. We therefore received 54.16 complaints for each one million passengers in 2016.

The switchover to the new system means it is no longer possible to directly compare key issues with the figures from 2015 and 2014. The categories were redefined based on the passenger chain. Key issues in fiscal year 2016 included the categories airline-related issues, airport facilities, parking, and security checks.

Firefighting service deployments / GRI standard 417-1

  2016 2015 2014
Total alarms 3,487 3,891 3,587
False alarms 649 658 648
Number of deployments 2,838 3,233 2,939
Technical support jobs 1,978 1,970 1,839
Safety monitoring jobs 1) 740 1,149 977
Firefighting jobs 120 114 123
First-responder deployments 2) 155 123 859
1) On-call service where the Airport Rescue and Firefighting service attends certain situations with particularly high risk levels in order to provide immediate support should a risk occur.
2) Initial assistance until the arrival of the public rescue service.

Working environment and society GRI 102-41

Donations and sponsorship 1) / GRI standard 413-1

Proportion of total budget in % 2016 2015 2014
Sport 35 36 36
Social welfare 31 30 31
Education 15 17 13
Culture 18 17 20
Environment (new from 2016) 1 - -
1) The annual sponsoring budget is linked to FMG's external sales.

Total workforce / GRI standard 102-8, 405-1

Group 2016 2015 2014
  Women Proportion in % 3) Men Proportion
in % 3)
Total Proportion
in % 3)
Total Proportion
in % 3)
Total Proportion
in % 3)
Total employees 1) 2,839 33.39 5,663 66.61 8,502 100 8,016 100 7,595 100
Full- and part-time employees 1)                    
Full-time 1,798 21.15 5,029 59.15 6,827 80.30 6,419 80.08 6,138 80.82
Part-time 1,041 12.24 634 7.46 1,675 19.70 1,597 19.92 1,457 19.18
Employment contracts 1)                    
Temporary 496 5.83 892 10.49 1,388 16.33 1,218 15.19 1,070 14.09
Permanent 2,343 27.56 4,771 56.12 7,114 83.67 6,798 84.81 6,525 85.91
Other employees 282   522   804   889   996  
Apprentices 152 - 122 - 274 - 269 - 266 -
Interns 25 - 17 - 42 - 43 - 41 -
Workers in minor employment 98 - 193 - 291 - 275 - 293 -
Temporary workers 7 - 190 - 197 - 302 - 396 -
Total employees including other employees of the Group 3,121   6,185   9,306   8,905   8,591  
Employees on the airport campus 2)         34,720   34,720   32,250  
                     
FMG 2016 2015 2014
  Women Proportion in % 3) Men Proportion
in % 3)
Total Proportion
in % 3)
Total Proportion
in % 3)
Total Proportion
in % 3)
Total employees 1) 930 22.02 3,293 77.98 4,223 100.00 4,115 100.00 4,065 100.00
Full- and part-time employees 1)                    
Full-time 611 14.47 3,002 71.09 3,613 85.56 3,536 85.93 3,499 86.08
Part-time 319 7.55 291 6.89 610 14.44 579 14.07 566 13.92
Employment contracts 1)                    
Temporary 23 0.54 74 1.75 97 2.30 100 2.43 82 2.02
Permanent 907 21.48 3,219 76.23 4,126 97.70 4,015 97.57 3,983 97.98
Other employees 91   119   210   214   215  
Apprentices 62 - 82 - 144 - 146 - 144 -
Interns 23 - 8 - 31 - 32 - 33 -
Workers in minor employment 6 - 29 - 35 - 36 - 37 -
Temporary workers 0 - 0 - 0 - 0 - 1 -
Total employees including other employees of FMG 1,021   3,412   4,433   4,329   4,280  
1) Reporting date: December 31: Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) Includes all companies based at Munich Airport. Data based on 2015 employment survey. The employment survey at Munich Airport is carried out every three years. For more information on the survey, please visit www.munich-airport.com/munich-airport-generates-more-than-two-jobs-per-day-342836
3) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Employees covered by collective bargaining agreements / GRI standard 102-41

  2016 2015 2014
  Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Total number of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements 8,769 4,147 8,139 4,191 7,673 4,147
Proportion of total employees in % 1) 94.23 93.55 91.40 96.81 89.31 96.89
1) All percentages are based on the total number of employees including apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns but excluding AeroGround Berlin GmbH.

Age structure of employees / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2016 2015 2014
  Women Proportion in %2) Men Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2)
Age structure of employees 1)                    
Under 30 years 612 7.20 789 9.28 1,401 16.48 1,259 15.71 1,126 14.83
30 to 50 years 1,593 18.74 2,917 34.31 4,510 53.05 4,422 55.16 4,168 54.88
Over 50 years 634 7.46 1,957 23.02 2,591 30.48 2,335 29.13 2,301 30.30
Total 2,839 33.39 5,663 66.61 8,502 100.00 8,016 100.00 7,595 100.00
                     
FMG 2016 2015 2014
  Women Proportion in %2) Men Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2)
Age structure of employees 1)                    
Under 30 years 204 4.83 199 4.71 403 9.54 383 9.31 357 8.78
30 to 50 years 534 12.65 1,642 38.88 2,176 51.53 2,231 54.22 2,308 56.78
Over 50 years 192 4.55 1,452 34.38 1,644 38.93 1,501 36.48 1,400 34.44
Total 930 22.02 3,293 77.98 4,223 100.00 4,115 100.00 4,065 100.00
1) Reporting date: December 31: Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Managers 1) / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2016 2015 2014
    Proportion
in %
  Proportion
in %
  Proportion
in %
Total managers 673 7.92 2) 674 8.41 2) 637 8.39 2)
Women 169 1.99 2) 169 2.11 2) 158 2.08 2)
Men 504 5.93 2) 505 6.30 2) 479 6.31 2)
Age structure of managers            
Under 30 years 19 2.82 3) 26 3.86 3) 28 4.40 3)
30 to 50 years 370 54.98 3) 376 55.79 3) 351 55.10 3)
Over 50 years 284 42.20 3) 272 40.36 3) 258 40.50 3)
             
FMG 2016 2015 2014
    Proportion
in %
  Proportion
in %
  Proportion
in %
Total managers 394 9.33 2) 395 9.60 2) 391 9.62 2)
Women 58 1.37 2) 55 1.34 2) 54 1.33 2)
Men 336 7.96 2) 340 8.26 2) 337 8.29 2)
Age structure of managers            
Under 30 years 5 1.27 3) 6 1.52 3) 5 1.28 3)
30 to 50 years 191 48.48 3) 195 49.37 3) 201 51.41 3)
Over 50 years 198 50.25 3) 194 49.11 3) 185 47.31 3)
1) All information excludes AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) Reporting date: December 31: Proportion of employees who are managers (levels 1 to 4, not including the Executive Board)
3) Proportion of managers relative to the total number of employees

Parental leave taken 1) / GRI standard 401-3

Group 2016 2015 2014
  Women Men Total Total Total
Parental leave taken 76 100 176 179 140
Part-time parental leave taken 31 14 45 35 10
           
FMG 2016 2015 2014
  Women Men Total Total Total
Parental leave taken 39 76 115 88 69
Part-time parental leave taken 27 9 36 32 6
1) Number of employees who have taken parental leave in the year under review. Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH.
Due to the significant expense of evaluating the various parental leave models manually (duration of parental leave, split of parental leave), the number of individuals returning from parental leave, along with the number of resignations following parental leave, have not been recorded.

Employee turnover: starters and leavers 1) / GRI standard 401-1

Group     2016   2015 2014
  Starters Proportion in %2) Leavers Proportion in %2) Starters Leavers Starters Leavers
Starters and leavers by age group                
Under 30 years 727 51.41 502 50.10 650 414 478 303
30 to 50 years 574 40.59 346 34.53 491 302 370 284
Over 50 years 113 7.99 154 15.37 100 162 81 189
Total 1,414 100.00 1,002 100.00 1,241 878 929 776
Starters and leavers by gender                
Male 863 61.03 565 56.39 790 490 499 433
Female 551 38.97 437 43.61 451 388 430 343
                 
FMG     2016   2015 2014
  Starters Proportion in %2) Leavers Proportion in %2) Starters Leavers Starters Leavers
Starters and leavers by age group                
Under 30 years 103 42.56 33 22.45 117 50 85 43
30 to 50 years 125 51.65 48 32.65 82 46 92 45
Over 50 years 14 5.79 66 44.90 8 78 9 104
Total 242 100.00 147 100.00 207 174 186 192
Starters and leavers by gender                
Male 157 64.88 112 76.19 152 126 118 155
Female 85 35.12 35 23.81 55 48 68 37
1) Includes apprentices and excludes workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) All percentages are based on the total number of starters/leavers among the employees as per 1).

Turnover rate 1) / GRI standard 401-1

  2016 2015 2014
In % Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Turnover rate 11.41 3.42 10.70 4.14 9.86 4.61
1) The turnover rate reflects the ratio of leavers to the number of employees (as an annual average including apprentices and excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH).

Average hours of training 1) / GRI standard 404-1

  2016 2015 2) 2014
  Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Average hours of training per employee 15.76 12.65 12.91 11.21 13.97 10.20
Per male employee 16.91 13.96 14.26 12.62 15.01 11.00
Per female employee 12.55 7.95 9.07 5.99 12.15 7.26
Per manager 3) 23.92 12.67 17.34 7.58 10.59 8.03
Per employee (without managerial responsibilities) 15.16 12.54 12.80 11.59 18.09 10.47
1) Average number of hours spent on professional development, training, and seminars (excluding aviation security courses) per employee (excluding apprentices, employees in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH) as at the reporting date of December 31, excluding Terminal 2 oHG
2) Errors identified whilst our data was being audited have been corrected.
3) First- to fourth-tier managers excluding the Executive Board

Occupational health and safety / GRI standard 403-2, 403-3

Group 1) 2016 2015 2) 2014
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 195 243 177
Resulting days of absence 4) 4,331 4,873 4,443
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 24.50 32.51 24.82
       
Workers in ground handling 6) 2016 2015 2014
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 89 106 89
Resulting days of absence 4) 2,304 2,688 2,791
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 46.32 52.49 49.88
       
FMG 1) 2016 2015 2014
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 71 84 78
Resulting days of absence 4) 2,106 2,492 2,533
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 18.17 21.98 20.73
1) Includes apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, excludes AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) Errors identified whilst our data was being audited have been corrected.
3) Injuries requiring first aid are recorded when employees attend Munich Airport’s medical center.
4) These are working days and are counted from the first day of absence.
5) Reportable occupational accidents x 1,000 / annual average actual employee capacity (EC).
6) Ground handling employees working for FMG and employees and temporary workers at AeroGround.

Aircraft handling on the ground is a critical area for occupational health and safety measures at Munich Airport. This is why FMG publishes additional accident statistics for employees who work in aircraft handling.

Sick leave 1) / GRI standard 403-2

Group 2) 2016 2015 2014
In % Women Men Total Total Total
Illness rate 3) 7.37 8.01 7.9 7.71 6.74
           
FMG 2016 2015 2014
In % Women Men Total Total Total
Illness rate 3) 5.74 8.71 8.14 8.22 7.03
1) Includes apprentices and excludes workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) Data to 2014 excluding CAP Flughafen München Sicherheits-GmbH.
3) Hours off sick in relation to planned working hours, including rehabilitation, therapy programs, treatment, and so on. Relates to the total number of employees as per 1).

Occupational illnesses 1) / GRI standard 403-2, 403-3

  2016 2015 2014
In % Group FMG Group FMG Group 2) FMG
Reported occupational illnesses 6 4 5 5 7 6
1) Includes apprentices, excludes workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) Data to 2014 excluding CAP Flughafen München Sicherheits-GmbH.

Employees with disabilities / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2016 2015 2014
Number of employees with limiting disabilities 1) 645 644 634
Employees with severe disabilities in % 2) 7.11 7.06 8.35
       
FMG 2016 2015 2014
Number of employees with limiting disabilities 1) 487 483 481
Employees with severe disabilities in % 2) 12.28 11.39 11.83
1) Degree of disability of at least 30 within the meaning of equality under Book IX of the Social Security Code.
2) Proportion of employees with disabilities as per 1) based on the average total employees, including apprentices and workers in minor employment and excluding temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH

Nationalities 1) / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2016 2015 2014
  Women Men Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2)
Employee nationalities, overall picture 2,988 5,788 8,776   8,285   7,861  
German nationals 2,440 4,480 6,920 78.85 6,775 81.77 6,539 83.18
Foreign nationals 548 1,308 1,856 21.15 1,510 18.23 1,322 16.82
Most represented groups of foreign nationals                
Turkey 45 415 460 5.24 432 5.21 412 5.24
Hungary 19 159 178 2.03 0 0 0 0
Italy 30 88 118 1.34 108 1.30 91 1.16
Greece 29 54 83 0.95 66 0.80 49 0.62
Romania 50 73 123 1.40 77 0.93 53 0.67
 
FMG 2016 2015 2014
  Women Men Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2) Total Proportion in %2)
Employee nationalities, overall picture 992 3,375 4,367   4,261   4,209  
German nationals 940 2,958 3,898 89.26 3,806 89.32 3,755 89.21
Foreign nationals 52 417 469 10.74 455 10.68 454 10.79
Most represented groups of foreign nationals                
Turkey 1 267 268 6.14 270 6.34 272 6.46
Austria 8 25 33 0.76 31 0.73 28 0.67
Italy 7 21 28 0.64 29 0.68 29 0.69
Greece 3 16 19 0.44 17 0.40 16 0.38
Africa 0 14 14 0.32 13 0.31 12 0.29
1) Reporting date: December 31: Total number of employees including apprentices and excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Employees’ areas of residence 1) / GRI standard 102-8, 401-1 2016

  2016 2015 2014
Administrative districts Group Proportion in %2) FMG Proportion in %2) Group FMG Group FMG
Freising 2,295 26.15 876 20.06 2,077 845 1,892 809
Erding 1,862 21.22 1,066 24.41 1,809 1,052 1,716 1,035
Munich 1,820 20.74 753 17.24 1,702 716 1,605 717
Landshut 1,221 13.91 670 15.34 1,168 649 1,120 656
Pfaffenhofen 155 1.77 92 2.11 141 87 175 87
Other districts 1,423 16.21 910 20.84 1,388 912 1,353 905
Total 8,776 100.00 4,367 100.00 8,285 4,261 7,861 4,209
1) Total number of employees including apprentices and excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, interns, and AeroGround Berlin GmbH who lived in each administrative district as at the reporting date of December 31.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Environmental and climate protection GRI 102-43; 102-44

De-icers used 1) / GRI standard 301-1, 301-2; GRI AO6

  2015/2016 2014/2015 2013/2014
Apron de-icer in t 2) 2,041 3,067 1,097
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type I) in m3 3,233 4,107 1,959
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type IV) in m3 783 919 391
Recycling rate of Type I de-icer used in % 63.9 68 59
Number of days of winter operations 47 57 38
1) Seasonal database/fluctuations in year-on-year comparisons are linked to winter weather conditions.
2) Liquid potassium formate and sodium formate granules

The company responsible for de-icing operations at Munich Airport, Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München mbH (EFM), uses glycol-based de-icer that is sprayed onto aircraft by de-icing vehicles. The low-viscosity Type I de-icer is mixed with water in the ratio 55:45, heated, and applied to the aircraft at a temperature of 85 degrees Celsius. Type IV de-icer contains thickeners, making it viscous. It is sprayed on cold and undiluted.

Energy consumption and emissions 1) / GRI standard 301-1, 302-1, 302-2, 302-4, 305-1, 305-2, 305-3

  2016 2015 2014
  GJ MWh CO2 (t) GJ MWh CO2 (t) GJ MWh CO2 (t)
Scope 1: direct energy consumption/emissions                  
Natural gas gas/diesel generating sets CHPP 8,193 2,276 455 601,146 166,985 33,352 706,119 196,144 39,168
Natural gas gas/gasoline generating sets CHPP 1,273,319 353,700 70,644 608,234 168,954 33,745 466,906 129,696 25,899
Natural gas boiler plant 10,564 2,934 586 11,956 3,321 663 11,059 3,072 613
Fuel oil gas/diesel gensets 16,943 4,707 1,256 62,086 17,246 4,601 75,841 21,067 5,620
Fuel oil boiler plant 950 264 70 140 39 11 113 31 8
LPG 4,046 1,124 262 3,956 1,099 256 4,041 1,123 262
Fuel oil emergency gensets 1,526 424 113 1,958 544 145 1,582 439 117
Natural gas consumption EFM 2) 7,855 2,182 436 9,943 2,762 552 3,702 1,028 205
Diesel and gasoline 154,001 42,778 11,441 154,764 42,990 11,503 141,296 39,249 10,446
Total scope 1 1,477,396 410,388 85,262 1,454,184 403,940 84,826 1,410,660 391,850 82,339
Scope 2: indirect energy
consumption/emissions 3)
                 
Purchased power 4) 278,606 77,391 45,428 292,421 81,228 49,468 299,600 83,222 49,517
Purchased district heat 5) 126,972 35,270 3,756 128,527 35,702 3,802 86,458 24,016 2,558
Purchased natural gas 6) 65,449 18,180 3,631 34,160 9,489 1,895 6,070 1,686 337
Power supplied to outside companies 7) -191,987 -53,330 -31,305 -207,407 -57,613 -35,086 -209,260 -58,128 -34,586
Heat supplied to outside companies -131,419 -36,505 -6,799 -139,057 -38,627 -7,054 -138,630 -38,508 -7,311
Cooling supplied to outside companies -18,742 -5,206 -609 -21,380 -5,939 -725 -17,821 -4,950 -589
Natural gas supplied to outside companies -65,449 -18,180 -3,631 -34,160 -9,489 -1,895 -6,070 -1,686 -337
Purchased power transmitted 8) 35,923 9,979 5,857 37,865 10,518 6,406 38,415 10,671 6,349
Total scope 2 13) 9) 9) 16,329 9) 9) 16,811 9) 9) 15,938
Scope 3: other indirect energy consumption/emissions (by third parties) 10) 10)   10) 10)   10) 10)  
Electrical energy purchases of outside companies - - 31,305 - - 35,086 - - 34,586
Heat purchases of outside companies - - 6,799 - - 7,054 - - 7,311
Cooling purchases of outside companies - - 609 - - 725 - - 589
Natural gas purchases of outside companies - - 3,631 - - 1,895 - - 337
Fuel for outside companies - - 6,680 - - 6,806 - - 7,135
Subtotal 9) 9) 49,023 9) 9) 51,565 9) 9) 49,958
Total annual CO2 emissions open to influence 11)     150,614     153,202     148,234
Air traffic (LTO cycle ) 12) - -   - -   - -  
Take-off     55,337 - - 52,614 - - 51,052
Climb out     93,711 - - 89,241 - - 87,605
Idle (traveling on the apron)     162,115 - - 152,431 - - 145,124
Approach     113,731 - - 108,362 - - 105,430
APU with PCA 14)     39,803 - - 42,256 - - 41,592
Engine test runs     715 - - 640 - - 997
Feeder traffic 15)     39,439 - - 40,176 - - 39,247
Total scope 3     553,874     537,285     521,005
1) Data collected and reported according to the GHG protocol WRI/WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. Principle of operational control applied. To the extent that they are subject to emissions trading, conversion parameters, such as heat values and emission factors in particular, are determined according to the provisions of the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt). Other conversion parameters are based on the latest publication from the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA).
2) EFM: Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München (company responsible for de-icing at Munich Airport); associated company
3) Scope 2 emissions reported using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «location-based» method based on emission factors for domestic consumption in Germany, electricity mix, and district heating mix. Net scope 2 emissions with specific emission factors are 0.587 kg/kWh for electricity and 0.213 kg/kWh for district heat from fossil fuels (50 percent biomass). The total purchased district heat consists of 50 percent district heat from fossil fuels and 50 percent district heat from biomass with a specific emission factor of 0 kg/kWh.
4) 38.3 percent electricity from renewable energy sources (as of 2015 according to section 42 of the German Energy Act (EnWG)).
5) 50 percent of district heat is purchased from biomass directly from the biomass thermal power plant in Zolling.
6) Solely natural gas purchased (baseline year 2016); no renewable energy sources.
7) Including the quantity transmitted to outside companies
8) Total power transmitted to outside companies and subsidiaries. The specific emission factor used for purchased power was also used here.
9) For physical reasons it is not practical to add heat, cooling energy, and electricity in energy units. The sum can only be used to draw very limited conclusions.
10) No information as values cannot be specified for all items.
11) Sum of scope 1, scope 2, and the subtotal of scope 3a; this is the comparative value for the reference value taken from the baseline year of 2005 at 162,046 tonnes. The CO2 reference value must not be exceeded in spite of expansion plans and the expected growth.
12) Emissions calculated using the LASPORT model for classifying flight operations in accordance with the LTO cycle
13) Scope 2 emissions calculated using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «market-based» method results in a figure of 11,181 t of CO2. This is based on an emission factor of 0.431 kg/kWh for the Munich Airport network. The other emission factors stated in footnote 3 remain unchanged.
14) Calculated from aircraft movements using the LASPORT model, subsequently taking into account the APU emissions avoided by using PCA systems
15) Feeder traffic includes the road traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and employees around the airport.

Generated and purchased power / GRI standard 302-5, 305-1, 305-2, 305-5

Munich Airport produces around 80 percent of its annual heat energy requirements in the Group’s own block heat and power plant. Aside from a tiny amount that is generated in peak load boilers, the airport meets the remainder of its heating needs by purchasing district heat from a public utility company in Freising. Since early 2011, 50 percent of this purchased district heat – roughly 18 gigawatt hours (GWh) – has been generated by a biomass thermal power plant in Zolling. This procurement is secured by a long-term supply option for the coming years. This district heat obtained from biomass is renewable and climate neutral, and cuts CO2 emissions by around 3,800 t per year.

Energy intensity coefficient 1) / GRI standard 302-3

In kWh/passenger 2016 2015 2014
Power consumption 5.51 5.42 5.59
1) Power consumption is responsible for more than 2/3 of the total CO2 emissions produced by energy-induced processes at the airport (excluding emissions generated by airlines). Furthermore, it is only very slightly linked to weather conditions. For this reason, the power consumption per passenger is the most useful indicator for energy consumption at Munich Airport. The power consumption is made up of total power consumption of all buildings and installations on the campus, including hosted electricity. It includes power consumption by FMG and its subsidiaries, consumption by external companies, and all losses at the low-voltage level.

Greenhouse gas emissions intensity 2) / GRI standard 305-4

In kg/passenger 2016 2015 2014
CO2 emissions 3.56 3.74 3.73
1) The calculation of CO2 emissions per passenger enables the physically meaningful addition of the various forms of primary and secondary energy used at the airport in relation to passenger figures. The CO2 emissions from scope 1 and 2 are added, as well as power, heat, cooling energy, natural gas, and fuel consumption by external companies. The figure therefore includes all emissions that must not exceed the targets for carbon-neutral growth.

Other greenhouse gas emissions / GRI standard 305-3, 305-6

CH4, N2O and greenhouse gases containing fluorine in CO2 equivalent 1)(t) 2016 2015 2014
LTO cycle 4,285 4,061 3,849
Feeder traffic 2) 348 389 383
APU 3) 402 426 412
Engine test runs 4) 7 6 10
Small appliances in buildings 476 409 189
Mobile systems (vehicles) 184 149 42
1) Conversion of emissions into CO2 equivalents in accordance with the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report
2) Feeder traffic includes the traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and commuters in the area around the airport.
3) Calculated from flight movements using the LASPORT model, subsequently taking into account the APU emissions avoided by using PCA systems
4) Estimated figures

Measured pollutant concentrations / GRI standard 305-7; GRI AO5

In µg/m³ Current legal annual limiting value 2016 2015 2014
NO2 concentration (nitrogen dioxide) 40 20 20 22
SO2 concentration (sulfur dioxide) 1) 20 2 2 2
PM10 concentration (particulate matter) 40 12 15 15
PM2.5 concentration 25 9 11 11
1) Statutory threshold to protect vegetation, only strictly applicable away from urban centers and transport facilities, but complied with here as well as the immission value specified by the administrative regulation TA Luft for protecting human health (50 µg/m³).

Air pollutant emissions / GRI standard 305-7; GRI AO5

In t 2016 2015 2014
NOx – air traffic (LTO cycle) 1,509.2 1,450.3 1,401.0
NOx – feeder traffic 1) 81.1 91.3 92.0
SOx – air traffic (LTO cycle) 107.8 102.1 99.0
SOx – feeder traffic 1) 0.2 0.2 0.2
PM10 – air traffic (LTO cycle) 12.3 11.8 11.5
PM2.5 – feeder traffic 1) 1.5 1.5 1.5
1) Feeder traffic includes the traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and commuters in the area around the airport.

Water sources / GRI standard 303-1, 303-2

Munich Airport sources its drinking water from the Moosrain water utility company, which extracts it from the tertiary strata via seven water wells at depths of between 94 and 160 meters. The water wells are located in water protection areas at «Obere Point» (surface area 33 ha) and «Oberdingermoos» (surface area 36 ha) in the Oberding municipality.

Total freshwater consumption 1), 2) / GRI standard 303-1

  2016 2015 2014
Water purchased from utility in m3 1,050,791 1,042,166 991,575
Water consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 23.0 23.6 23.2
1) Includes all companies on the campus.
2) Values are derived as follows: water metering in m3 measured at the drinking water feed points (transfer points) from the water utility company to Munich Airport

Total wastewater discharge 1), 2) / GRI standard 306-1

  2016 2015 2014
Total wastewater discharged from Munich Airport into sewage plant in m3 2,278,601 2,344,085 1,963,719
Volume of wastewater per 1,000 traffic units in m3 49.8 53.0 46.0
1) Includes all companies on the campus.
2) The wastewater discharged to the sewage plant consists of domestic wastewater, industrial wastewater, mixed water, and de-icing waste.

Water samples / GRI standard 306-5, 303-1; GRI AO4

Under the provisions of the planning approval notice Munich Airport is required to test the water surrounding the airport. Securing evidence regarding the quantity (water level) and quality (water quality) of groundwater is particularly important. FMG measures the water levels of more than 300 groundwater and 17 surface water measurement points on an ongoing basis. Water quality is determined at 18 groundwater and eleven surface water measurement points. All implemented measures are summarized in a report, evaluated, and presented to the water authorities.

Waste 1) / GRI standard 301-3, 306-2

In t 2016 2015 2014 Point of disposal and reuse
Recycling        
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from aircraft 2) - - - Sorting facilities, paper factory in Munich/Schrobenhausen (wastepaper recycling)
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from buildings 1,654 1,653 1,673
Mixed reclaimed materials/waste for recycling from buildings 3,038 2,993 3,003 Sorting facilities, recycling firms in Eitting, Schwaig, Moosburg, and Munich (recycling)
Mixed glass 178 165 168
Wood 355 294 241
Bulk waste 634 407 489
Scrap metal containing electronic waste 378 279 282
Other recyclables 3) 180 189 180
Total recycling 6,417 5,980 6,036  
Other form of reuse (reuse of materials/energy)        
Food waste 4) 1,024 843 872 Biogas plant (energy recovery)
Waste from cleaning of aircraft cabin 5) - - - Munich North power plant (energy recovery)
Waste for disposal/prohibited liquids (terminal areas) 196 167 171
Waste for disposal from buildings 596 513 553
Building waste/rubble 2,247 703 810 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling/pit filling)
Hazardous waste (FMG fraction only, excluding mineral wool) 219 276 278 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling) or hazardous waste specialists in Munich and Ebenhausen (energy recovery, secondary fuels)
Of which are subject to ADR
(hazardous goods) rules 6)
180 186 190
Other waste 7) 313 429 275
Total material/energy recycling 4,595 2,931 2,959  
Landfill waste        
Insulators (mineral wool) 8) 309 186 23  
Total landfill 309 186 23 Spitzlberg, Landshut landfill
Total amount 11,321 9,097 9,018  
1) All quantities refer exclusively to the disposal processes organized by FMG waste management. This refers to the total figure reported (2016: 11,321 t).
2) Disposal is no longer conducted by FMG waste management. Disposal and transport services were outsourced to a disposal company in April 2011.
3) For example, foil, lightweight packaging
4) Allresto only Terminal 2 and Satellite from April 2016
5) Waste from the cleaning of aircraft cabins and catering waste is processed by a disposal firm at the Munich North waste incineration plant/at the power plant in accordance with EC Regulation 1069/2009. Disposal is no longer FMG’s responsibility and has been conducted by a specialist contractor working on behalf of the Erding animal carcass disposal association since January 2011.
6) ADR (Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route): European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
7) For example runway wear, refuse, old tires.
8) Insulators that are collected at a disposal specialist contracted on behalf of the district of Freising and sent away for proper disposal (landfill). Figure has increased due to renovation/roof repair work (mineral wool).

Hazardous goods: checks and training courses / GRI standard 306-4

Operations at Munich Airport involve a number of substances that are harmful to the environment and water; these must be declared as hazardous goods and transported off site. The vehicles used for transporting hazardous goods were inspected to verify that they are in proper condition and are roadworthy and safe to operate. Employee training on the handling of hazardous goods is held at regular intervals in accordance with legal regulations. In the year under review, 2016, a total of 180 tonnes of waste (previous year: 186 tonnes) declared as hazardous goods were transported away for disposal.

Measured noise 1) / GRI AO7

In dB(A) 2016 2015 2014
Measurement point (nearest municipality) Night2) Day Night2) Day Night2) Day
Brandstadl (municipality of Hallbergmoos) 52 59 49 58 49 58
Pallhausen (town of Freising) 46 56 44 55 44 55
Reisen (municipality of Eitting) 48 55 48 56 49 56
Viehlaßmoos (municipality of Berglern) 44 54 45 55 46 55
1) Leq3 continuous sound level in dB(A) for the six busiest months at four aircraft noise measuring stations situated on each of the main flight paths.
2) Hours from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m.

Noise complaints / GRI standard 103-2, 102-43, 102-44

  2016 2015 2014
Noise complaints received via telephone 277 174 338
Complainants 189 94 110

Population growth in neighboring communities 1) / GRI AO7

Number of residents 2015 2014 2013
Freising (District of Freising) 46,963 45,857 45,806
Marzling (District of Freising) 3,179 3,142 3,094
Oberding (District of Erding) 6,151 5,975 5,838
Hallbergmoos (District of Freising) 10,524 10,364 10,084
1) At December 31.
Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing) – Statistikatlas Bayern (statistical atlas of Bavaria). Figures for 2016 were not available at the time of printing.

«Green spaces» 1) belonging to the airport but outside the airport fence / GRI standard 102-7, 304-1, 304-3

In ha 2016 2015 2014
Additional «organic areas» in total 746 746 745
Compensatory mitigation areas, zone III 374 ²) 374 370
Airport periphery, zone II 250 250 250
Ecological land reserve for future expansion measures 122 122 125
1) Green areas in Zone II and III that Flughafen München GmbH maintains as natural conservation areas (in contrast to rented farmland or other real estate).
2) Although additional compensation measures were taken over an area of 2,000 m² in 2016, this does not impact the stated number of hectares in terms of the total size.